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McDonnell Douglas Super MD-80:

The MD-80 series aircraft incl. MD-81, MD-82, MD-83, MD-87, MD-88:

Originally called the DC-9-80 and DC-9 Super 80, the MD-80 is an extremely popular mid-size, medium-range airliner with two rear fuselage-mounted Pratt & Whitney JT8D-200 series turbofan engines, small but highly efficient wings, and a very distinctive T-tail. The MD-80 series consists of the MD-81, MD-82, MD-83, MD-87, and MD-88, and first took to the skies for flight-testing on October 19th 1979 (certification to the aircraft was granted by the FAA in 1980). Thanks to its ancestry, the MD-80 currently operates under an amendment to the original DC-9 FAA aircraft Type Certificate.


It was in 1967 that the Douglas Aircraft Company merged with McDonnell Aircraft, and McDonnell Douglas was formed. The McDonnell Douglas MD-80 was introduced to commercial service with Swissair in the fall of 1980, after completing 1,085 test flight hours. The MD-80 was put forward as a lengthened and modernized replacement for the Douglas Aircraft Company’s DC-9, which by contrast was designed for frequent, short flights.

McDonnell Douglas MD-82
(In this photo: a McDonnell Douglas MD-82)

Derived specifically from the DC-9-50, the MD-80 is 147 feet and 8 inches (45.01 meters) in length, with a wingspan of 107 feet and 8 inches (32.82 meters). The MD-80 has a cruising speed of over 504 miles per hour, (811 kilometers per hour), a fuel capacity of about 5,850 US gallons, or 22,100 Liters, and a typical cruising altitude of 33,000 feet. Along with a higher maximum take-off weight than its forerunner, the nonstop flight range of the MD-80 series is between 1,500 and 2,700 statute miles (2,410 to 4,345 kilometers).

MD-80 pictures

MD-83 aircraft

MD-83 aircraft

MD-87 aircraft

MD-87 aircraft

MD-82 Bulgarian

MD-82 Bulgarian

MD-83 Caspian

MD-83 Caspian

MD-82 Scandinavian

MD-82 Scandinavian

MD-83 Bluebird

MD-83 Bluebird

McDonnell Douglas MD-82 Alitalia

MD-82 Alitalia

McDonnell Douglas MD-82

MD-82 picture

MD-80 picture

MD-80 picture

 

The MD-80 can carry between 155 and 172 passengers, and is equipped with a two-crew flight deck quite similar to that on the DC-9. Newer members of the MD-80 family have more advanced cockpit avionics and include aerodynamic upgrades, and more efficient JT8D-200 engines. However, due to the usage of the now aging JT8D engine (that produces around 20,000 lb of thrust), the MD-80 today is not nearly as fuel efficient when compared to the Airbus A320 or most recent Boeing 737 models.

MD-80 cockpit photos

MD-83 cockpit

MD-83 cockpit

MD-81 cockpit

MD-81 cockpit

MD-81 flight deck

MD-81 flight deck

Flight deck of MD-80

Flight deck MD-80

Cockpit of MD-80

Cockpit of MD-80

Cockpit of MD-81

Cockpit of MD-81



The last delivery of the MD-81 series was made on June 29, 1992 to Scandinavian Airlines (SAS). Meanwhile the last delivery of the MD-82 was made on November 17, 1997 to U-Land Airlines of Taiwan, the last delivery of the MD-83 was on December 28, 1999 to TWA, the last delivery of the MD-87 was made on March 27, 1992 to Scandinavian Airlines (SAS), and the final delivery of the MD-88 was on June 25, 1997 to Onur Air. The MD-90-30 is a stretched variant with an updated glass cockpit (with an improved FMS and EFIS) and two IAE V2500 engines.

SAS MD-80 landing video

Despite being involved in about 60 incidents, as of July 2009, there were approximately 886 MD-80 aircraft still in active service around the world despite the fact that initial sales of the Super 80 aircraft were in fact slow.

MD-80 wing
(In this photo: MD-80 wing)

Popular commercial operators as of July 2010 include American Airlines, with a fleet of 282, and Delta Air Lines, with a fleet of 117. Following the merger of Boeing and McDonnell Douglas, the MD-80 was produced at the Long Beach Division of Boeing Commercial Airplanes until December 1999. At one time in 1991, 12 MD-80 aircraft were being delivered per month, but today this widely known airliner is no longer under production. In total there were 1191 McDonnell Douglas 80 series aircraft produced.